France: housing solutions for migrants
Aging migrants, young people in precarious employment, homeless and asylum seekers are all benefitting from Adoma’s housing and support services. CEB’s recently approved loan will support the provision of decent accommodation to France’s most vulnerable.
Set up by the public authorities in the 1950s to house Algerian workers who had come to help rebuild France, Adoma is the leading landlord for first-level social housing in France today.
The first housing policy targeting specifically immigrant workers, developed by the French government in the mid-1950s, gave the impetus to the creation of migrant worker hostels –foyers de travailleurs migrants (FTMs). The immigrant workers were supposed to be housed for a short period and then returning to their countries.
Due to economic, industrial and demographic changes and societal evolution, the FTMs have gradually started to be used as accommodation for retired immigrant workers who were still living in, as well as poor people who could not find a conventional housing.
In recent years Adoma has expanded its social housing activities, particularly for low-income workers, recipients of minimum social benefits, families in hardship, young people entering the job market, asylum-seekers and the homeless.
Adoma offers housing solutions to 71,000 people, the majority of whom are migrants.
Most are housed in social residences and FTMs, while some live in family pensions or reception areas for Roma and Travellers. In 2013, one applicant out of two was a non-French national.
CEB financing for the programme of € 100 million will be allocated mainly to management, maintenance and repairs of existing housing accommodation.
As part of improvement work to over a quarter of the housing stock, energy efficiency measures will be implemented for most dwellings. The addition of amenities such as bathrooms, showers, or kitchenettes will make large rooms in the existing housing stock self-contained. Lastly, preventive measures relating to safety, particularly fire safety, are an important part of the maintenance programme.