Natural or ecological disasters

This is the first evaluation cycle that was launched by the Office of Evaluation. It comprises the ex-post evaluations of 11 projects approved by the CEB from 1995 to 1999, in five countries.

Natural disaster ASSEO Adapazari elder.jpgThe projects evaluated concern investments made in response to floods and mudslides (seven projects, for a total approved loan amount of € 326 million) as well as earthquakes (four projects, for a loan amount equivalent to € 724 million). The abstracts for these project evaluations can be accessed here:

“Disaster loss is on the rise with grave consequences for the survival, dignity and livelihood of individuals, particularly the poor, and hard-won development gains”.

Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters

At the end of the cycle, the Evaluation Synthesis was shared with staff members as well as representatives of the Bank’s member states. The Synthesis provided an overview of results, lessons and recommendations stemming from the project evaluations listed above and drew on experience and insights from other development banks and agencies involved in financing natural disaster prevention and recovery. Overall, it was shown that the eleven projects evaluated were successful in achieving their basic purpose. They fulfilled clear priority needs and produced a variety of economic, social, environmental and cultural effects. Several suggestions were made for improvement of project preparation and implementation, including adopting a suitable risk prevention policy.

The salient features of this evaluation cycle are presented in a dedicated brochure Evaluations of CEB Disaster Loans.

To conclude the cycle, a knowledge-sharing event sponsored by the CEB and the World Bank’s Independent Evaluation Group, with the collaboration of the Office of Evaluation and Oversight of the Inter-American Development Bank, was held in Paris in 2006. The proceedings of the conference and the evaluators’ roundtable are accessible here: Disaster Risk Management: Taking Lessons from Evaluation 

The experience gained by the CEB under this cycle enabled the Office of Evaluation to contribute to other international conferences and workshops, such as the 2nd International Conference on Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation (GEDMAR08) in Nanjing, China in 2008, and the International Conference on Evaluating Climate Change and Development in Alexandria, Egypt in 2008.